Back to Top

Before consensus-approved testing standards were available for the wear and durability evaluation of spinal disc replacement systems (ASTM F2423-05 and ISO 18192-1:2008), ORL designed, patented and manufactured proprietary, customizable, multi-directional electro-mechanical joint simulators. These simulators were then adapted to address the regulatory wear testing requirements for total ankle replacements and other small joint arthroplasty systems.


Simulator pdf

Star pdf